What is covid-19? It is caused by a member of the coronavirus family that has never appeared before. Like other coronaviruses, it has migrated from animals to humans. The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared.
What are the coronavirus symptoms with Covid-19?
According to the WHO, common coronavirus symptoms of Covid-19 are fever, fatigue, and dry cough. Some patients may also have a runny nose, sore throat, nasal congestion and aches and pains or diarrhea. About 80% of people who receive Covid-19 experience a mild case – as severe as a regular cold – and recover without the need for any special treatment.
The WHO states that one in six people become seriously ill. The elderly and those with underlying medical problems such as high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, or chronic respiratory conditions are at greater risk of serious illness than Covid-19.
In the UK, the National Health Service (NHS) has identified specific symptoms that are experiencing either:
- A high temperature – you feel hot to the touch on your chest or back
- A new persistent cough – this means that you have started coughing again and again.
Since it is viral pneumonia, antibiotics are of no use. The antiviral drugs we have against the flu will not work, and there is currently no vaccine. Recovery depends on the strength of the immune system.
Should I go to the doctor if I have a temperature or cough?
No, in the UK, the NHS advice now is that someone with coronavirus symptoms should stay home for at least 7 days. If you live with other people, they should stay at home for at least 14 days, to avoid spreading infection outside the home. This applies to everyone, whether they have traveled abroad.
In the UK, you should check the Coronavirus NHS 111 website dedicated to information. If you get worse for more than seven days or your symptoms appear, you should call NHS 111. People will not be tested for the virus until they are in the hospital.
Many countries have implemented travel restrictions and lockdown conditions to try and prevent the spread of the virus. You should check with your local authorities for the latest advice on seeking medical help.
How many people have been affected?
China’s National Health Commission confirmed human-to-human transmission in January. According to the Johns Hopkins University Center for System Science and Engineering, as of March 22, more than 300,000 people have been infected in more than 150,000 countries.
There have been more than 13,000 deaths globally. More than 3,000 of those deaths have occurred in mainland China, where coronavirus was first recorded in Wuhan city. Italy has been hit hardest, however, with more than 4,800 people. Many of those who died had underlying health conditions, which complicated the coronavirus.
More than 92,000 people are recorded as recovering from coronaviruses.
Why is it worse than general influenza, and how worried are experts?
We do not yet know how dangerous the new coronavirus is, and we will not know until more data arrives, but mortality estimates are less than 1% in young people who are elderly. Or underlying health conditions. Seasonal flu typically has a mortality rate of less than 1% and is believed to cause about 400,000 deaths worldwide each year. Saras had a mortality rate of over 10%.
Another major unknown is how infectious the coronavirus is. An important difference is that unlike the flu, there is no vaccine for the new coronavirus, meaning that it is more difficult for vulnerable members of the population – elderly people or those with existing respiratory or immune problems – to protect themselves. . If you feel unwell it is important to wash hands and avoid other people.
Have there been other coronavirus?
Both severe acute respiratory syndrome (Sars) and Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome (Mers) are caused by coronaviruses that came from animals. In 2002, Sir spread uncontrollably to about 37 countries, causing global panic, infecting more than 8,000 people and killing more than 750 people. Mers appears to pass less easily from human to human, but is more lethal, with approximately 35% of 2,500 people dying. Those who have become infected.