What is high blood pressure: If your blood pressure readings are more than 90 consecutive weeks or higher, you have high blood pressure (hypertension).
First, define hypertension
High blood pressure (HBP or hypertension) occurs when your blood pressure, the force of your blood against the walls of your blood vessels, is constantly high.
How your blood pressure and circulatory system work
To survive and function properly, your tissues and organs need oxygen-rich blood that circulates throughout your body.
When a heartbeat arrives, it creates pressure that pushes blood through a network of tube-shaped blood vessels, including the arteries, veins, and capillaries. This blood pressure.
The first force (systolic pressure) is the form of blood outside the heart and is part of the circulatory system in the arteries.
A second force (diastolic pressure) is created because the heart rests between the heart beats. (Both these forces are represented by numbers in blood pressure.)
Damage begins in your arteries and heart
High blood pressure primarily increases the workload of the heart and blood vessels – making them work harder and less efficiently.
Over time, the force and friction of high blood pressure cause damage to the delicate tissues inside the arteries. In turn, LDL (bad) cholesterol forms plaque with small tears in the artery walls, indicating the onset of atherosclerosis.
The more plaque and damage increases, the narrower (smaller) arteries become inside – the blood pressure rises and a vicious cycle begins that troubles your arteries, heart, and the rest of your body. This can eventually lead to other conditions such as arrhythmia to heart attack and stroke.
High blood pressure is a “silent killer”
You may not feel that anything is wrong, but high blood pressure can silently cause damage that can endanger your health. The best prevention is knowing your number and making changes in that case to prevent and manage high blood pressure.